Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Insulin is essential for regulating blood sugar levels. The onset of type 1 diabetes can be relatively sudden, and the symptoms can vary from person to person. Common signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:
Excessive Thirst (Polydipsia): Feeling unusually thirsty and needing to drink more water than usual.
Frequent Urination (Polyuria): Urinating more often than usual, including having to wake up during the night to urinate.
Extreme Hunger (Polyphagia): Feeling constantly hungry and eating more than usual, yet still losing weight.
Fatigue and Weakness: Feeling tired and lacking energy, even if you've been getting enough sleep.
Blurred Vision: Experiencing blurred or hazy vision due to high blood sugar levels affecting the lens of the eye.
Irritability and Mood Changes: Feeling irritable, moody, or easily frustrated, which can be linked to fluctuations in blood sugar levels.
Frequent Infections: Having frequent infections, such as urinary tract infections, yeast infections, or skin infections.
Slow Healing: Cuts, bruises, and wounds taking longer to heal than usual.
Ketoacidosis Symptoms (Advanced Stage): In some cases, type 1 diabetes may lead to a dangerous condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which can result in symptoms such as deep and rapid breathing, fruity-smelling breath, nausea, vomiting, and confusion.
It's important to note that the onset of type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most commonly diagnosed in children, adolescents, and young adults. If you or someone you know is experiencing these symptoms, especially a combination of excessive thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss, it's essential to seek medical attention promptly. Early diagnosis and management are crucial to prevent serious complications associated with untreated type 1 diabetes. A healthcare professional, such as a doctor or endocrinologist, can perform tests to diagnose and provide appropriate treatment for type 1 diabetes.